недеља, 10. септембар 2017.

Politehnica Timișoara / Politehnika Temišvar

Politehnica Timișoara

Politehnica Football Club was founded on the proposal of a professor of mathematics at the Technical Faculty of Polytechnic in Timisoara, Traian Lalescu, in 192. Before the Second World War, the best football in the region was played in Timisoara. And Politehnica was in the shadow of the great clubs of Ripensia and Chinezul from the city with the same name, that won the championship of Kingdom of Romania 10 times. After the Great War, Ripensia and Chinezul ceased to exist due to financial difficulties. In the same period Politehnica players rose and quickly took over the primacy in the city, mostly due to the reforms of the communist government whose main goal was the development of industry and universities. However, Politehnica did not have too many good results in the championship as pre-war clubs from Timisoara did. They did not win any championship title, but they are probably the record holders by the number of first places they took in the second league, moreover 10 times. During its history, Politehnica played eight times in the Cup Final, but only on two occasions managed to reach the trophy, in 1958 and 1980.

Nevertheless, during the communist era, the clubs from Bucharest, which were under the direct patronage of the army and the police, had the biggest primacy. The best performance of Politehnica in the championship of the season 1977/78 was when it had the same number of points as Steaua four rounds before the end of the championship. There was a mutual duel between these two teams on the stadium named May 1st, from Timisoara. Steaua was convincingly the triumphant despite the good atmosphere and crowded stadiums. Its first appearance in the European competitions the club from Timisoara recorded in the season 1978/79 when they were eliminated by Honved from Budapest in the second round of the UEFA Cup.

In the period from 1973 to 1983, Dan Paltinișan performed for Polytechnic. According to many, the best defender in the history of the club had the nickname "tata mare" (Big Daddy). He was the winning goal shooter of the victorious goal of the National Cup final in 1980 in Bucharest against the favorite Steaua in the 96th minute. Citizens of Timisoara organized a festive welcome for their favorites after this historic triumph, and Dan found himself on the shoulders of the fans. His confirmed his role of hero of Timisoara playing the decisive goal against Seltic, by which Polytechnic eliminated this Scottish giant in the first round of the Winners' Cup in 1980, at the stadium today named after him. Dan Pǎltinișan died at the age of 44 after a serious illness.

 Politehnica Cup winner 1980 / Politehnika pobednik Kupa 1980.godine

Captain of Celtic and Politehnica: McGrain and Pǎntinișan / Kapiteni Seltika i Politehnike: Mekgrejn i Paltinišanu 

For the most successful coach in the clubwas considered Jackie Jonesca, who on several occasions sat on the bench off Politehnica. In the seasons 1980 / 81 and 1982/83 Politehnica continued a series of defeats in the finals of the National Cup that started in1974.

Life in Romania during the 1980s was extremely difficult. President Ceaușescu's goal was to restore the overall external debt created by the "generosity" of Western countries that gave Romania unfavorable loans after the Romanian authorities publicly condemned the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. Total industrial production was predetermined for export, even electricity. And after a high-ranking secret police officer (of Securitatea) escaped to the USA in 1978, Romania gradually became an even more closed country, which had a lot of impact on the economy.

Such a state policy, of course, has also affected football and sports in general. Footballers were not allowed to leave the country, although they had their place in some of the big West European clubs. During the visit of Romania and clubs abroad, they were constantly monitored by secret services. Escape was considered to be high treason, whose consequences in the homeland mostly suffered the members of their families. The players usually played without a contract until the age of 25, so that later, for signing a several year contract they could get: furniture, a Dacia car or very modest cash benefits in the amount of the average salary. Many players were also employed. Soccer player of Politehnica, Miroslav Guicicu worked as a professor of physical culture. The best players in the country, with the will of the authorities, had to play in Steaua, which was the showcase of European competitors, to prove the prosperity of Romania.

The first spontaneous attempt to protest against such a Ceausescu regime occurred at the 1990 World Cup qualifiers match played in November 1989 between Romania and Denmark. However, secret police officers inserted among fans at the full stadium in Bucharest quickly quashed this protest. Due to the close distance to the border, Timisoara had the possibility of receiving television and radio signals from Yugoslavia. Therefore, the residents of Timisoara were more informed about the rest of the country. A month after the qualifying squad, protests in Timisoara began, which quickly spread to the rest of the country. The power of the married couple Ceausescu ended with a death sentence at the Christmas trial in Trgoviște.

After the revolution, major changes followed and Romania became an open country. Many footballers have used the opportunity to transfer to clubs from Western Europe. And Politehnica has entered an unhappy period in its history. In the first half of the 90s, the purple ones were defeated in the final of the National Cup for the 4th time. A time of cruel transitions began. The Polytechnic University in Timisoara has also ceased to have an interest in a football club, the club's maintenance was too expensive and they gradually abandoned them. In the season 1996/97 Politehnica was eliminated from the First League. After the turbulent season and the big problems with financing, the club from Timisoara was privatized in 2000. The new owner became the Italian Claudio Zombran. In the next few years, the money was not invested in Politehnica, and the team continued to sink more and more. When it was relegated to the 3rd League, the Italian confronted fans, city leaders and journalists.

Due to the loss of support from the entire city, this controversial businessman decided to move to the capital Bucharest, despite the fact that he knew about the rivalry of football fans from Timisoara and the clubs from the capital of Bucharest (Steaua and Dinamo). After this move, the management of the club managed to make a maneuver and they first got separated from the owner of the club, and then they united with the new first-league player, the football club AEK from Bucharest and with the full support of the city authorities and fans continued its existence in Timisoara. The club changed its name to Politehnica AEK.

The newly formed club took the club colors of the home club, for whose survival in the first league the footballers managed to fight for, in the meantime. Many new sponsors and good players came to the club. With the transition of AEK to Timisoara, the court dispute between the Polytechnic AEK and the club Claudius Zombran, who competed in the 4th League, began. The Italian claims that the club from Timisoara has no right to the name and club colors. His claims were confirmed by the Sports Court in Lausanne, in March 2007, which ruled in favor of the Italians. Accordingly, Politehnica AEK quickly changed its name to Politehnica știința in 1921, but the court again determined that the new name could be mixed with the club of Claudius Zombrana. Fierce protests by fans followed, and at one moment there were 100,000 people at the protests in Timisoara. The city reunited, as in the period of the revolution in 1989.

Since the club from Timisoara was placed in the UEFA 2007/08 season, they had a deadline until 30/06/2008 to change the name, which was done. In the UEFA Cup, it played under the name of Timisoara, and in the first round they were eliminated by Partizan from Belgrade. During the following season, Timisoara took second place in the championship with the highest average visit to the stadiums in the First League. For a long time, in Timisoara, they have been waiting for a notable success in the Eurocup, which followed the season of 2009/10. In the second round of qualifications for the Champions League, they were eliminated, to a great surprise, by Ukrainian Shakhtar. They were defeated by Germany's Stuttgart in the play, but they were directly in the group phase of the UEFA Europa League where they took the last place in their group.

In 2010, the Constitutional Court rejected the request of Zombran and Timisoara gained the right to the name, coat of arms, club colors and club history. And against Italy's Zamban, criminal proceedings are still being conducted for football frauds. Unfortunately, this was not the end of the problems. In the season 2010/11. Politehnica finished second in the championship, with sixth defeat in the Cup final, but was thrown into the other league after the Romanian Football Federation did not issue the necessary license for participation in the First League due to growing financial difficulties. In the following season, this team won first place in the Second League. But the club left the chief financier, Marian Lanc. Politehnica again did not get the necessary license for participation in the championship in September 2012 and shortly afterwards, the license to work. After these events, the club was disbanded.

From these events, we see that some businessmen and politicians will never understand what the club means to fans. A fan of the Politehnica might not have always been at the stadium to help his club, but somewhere he certainly wanted to find out how his team played. Someone in case of Politehnica played with the fate of fans who lived for their club and who sometimes came home with broken heads defending the colors of their club. They played a little bit with the name, coat of arms and club colors as if it was something that changes every day. They also crushed the legend of the club that has created football history in Timisoara for decades. Someone still lives for this club and eagerly awaits for the weekend when at least for 90 minutes can stop thinking about the difficult life in this area, and they have made that club disappear for some time.

On the foundations of the old extinguished club two new were built: ACS Polytechnic and SS Polytechnic. ACS Politehnika is the official legal successor of the extinguished club in 2012. This club was created by moving the football club ACS Recaș to Timisoara, with the support of the city authorities, and its home games continued to play at Dan Pǎntinișan stadium. The fans of the extinguished club did not accept this newly formed club. This was the last drop for them. They refused rotten compromises with politicians and founded their club called SS Politehnica, which will begin its journey fairly and from scratch under the protection of the Polytechnic University.
SS Politehnica has started its way from the lowest ranking of the competition. Players and fans of this club traveled to various villages and towns. They visited various stadiums and bad terrains. In the season 2015/16 the team placed into the third league, becoming a professional club. After a tough fight, SS “Poli” managed to win the first place in its group of the third league and thus made a move to the second league, where they occupied the 15th place in the first season. On the other hand, ASC Politehnica during the season 2015/16, in the final round had a chance to win the first league. At Dan Pantilishan Stadium, only 500 fans gathered at the most important game in the season, which proves the public's lack of interest for this club.

Stadium Dan Pǎntinișan / Stadion Dan Paltinišanu

Grandstand on Știința stadium / Tribina na staidonu Stiica

The fan movement in Timisoara dates from 1995 when fan groups of urban guerrillas and viola appeared. The biggest rival of Politehnica is the UTA football club from Arad with the already mentioned teams from the capital Bucharest. Unfortunately, the ACS Politehnika team survived again in the first league, defeating the UTA Arad and this way a direct duel between these two clubs in the current season of 2017/18 was avoided. But it is therefore necessary to expect the fierce duels of SS Politehnika against UTA from Arad in the derby of the West, as well as against the re-formed football club Ripensia from Timisoara. SS Politehnika plays as a host for the game at the Știința stadium, which is located in the student’s complex of the Polytechnic University. This stadium was home to the disassociated Politehnica until 1964, when Dan Pǎltinișan Stadium (earlier May 1st) was built.

The situation around the football club Politehnica from Timisoara is a classic example of the situation in many clubs in almost all former communist countries. A mix of politics, sport and property relations with tradition and fans. After the fall of communism, states and state-owned companies ceased to have an interest in the clubs they owned, because their functioning was a burden on the state budget. Clubs thus ceased to have their main source of funding. They were left to take care for themselves. In such a situation, many were privatized quickly without a pre-defined plan of suspicious businessmen who bought them. Such a form of privatization is bad for the clubs because those businessmen do not have too much interest in the club itself, for their fans and tradition, but for quick profit, money laundering or for the ownership of attractive land owned by clubs. As far as Romanian businessmen and millionaires are concerned, most of them are known to have been closely associated with the Securitatea.

From the 18 clubs that participated in the first league in the season 1989/90. when Ceaushscu is overthrow, only one plays today on the highest level (Dinamo Bucharest), 8 clubs play low-level competition, 7 are extinguished, Politehnica and Brașov experienced the same fate, and Steaua was left in court by the army.

This is how it looked once upon a time. Press conference with a cigarette, a strong drink and Ceausescu's photograph / Ovako je bilo nekada. Konferencija za štampu uz cigaretu, žestoko piće i Čeušeskuovu sliku...

 Friendly game between Politehnica and Partizan from Belgrade as a support to Romania after an devastating earthquake in 1977. Photo: http://crno-bela-nostalgija.blogspot.rs/ / Prijateljska utakmica između Politehnike i Partizana iz Beograda u znak podrške Rumuniji nakon razornog zemljotresa 1977. godine. 

Politehnika Temišvar

Fudbalski klub Politehnika osnovan je na predlog profesora matematike na Tehničkom fakultetu Politehnika u Temišvaru, Trajana Laleskua, 1921. godine. Pre Drugog svetskog rata u Temišvaru se igrao najbolji fudbal u regionu. A Politehnika je bila u senci velikih klubova Ripensije i Chinezula iz istoimenog grada koji su 10 puta osvojili Prvenstvo Kraljevine Rumunije. Nakon Velikog rata Ripensia i Chinezul su prestali sa postojanjem usled poteškoća oko finansiranja. U istom periodu kreće i uspon fudbalera Politehnike koji su vrlo brzo preuzeli primat u gradu, najviše zbog reformi komunističke vlasti čiji je glavni cilj bio razvoj industrije i univerziteta. Ipak, Politehnika nije imala previše dobrih rezultata u prvenstvu kao predratni klubovi iz Temišvara. Nisu osvojili nijednu titulu prvaka, ali su verovatno rekorderi po broju osvojenih prvih mesta u drugoj ligi, čak 10 puta. Tokom svoje istorije Politehnika je 8 puta igrala u finalu Kupa, ali samo u dva navrata su uspeli da dođu do trofeja, 1958. i 1980. godine.

U komunističkom dobu ipak su najveći primat imali klubovi iz Bukurešta koji su bili pod direktnim patronatom vojske i policije. Svoj najbolji učinak u prvenstvu Politehnika je ostvarila u sezoni 1977/78. kada su 4 kola pred kraj šampionata imali isti broj bodova kao Steaua. Usledio je međusobni duel ova dva tima na stadionu 1. Maj u Temišvaru. Steaua je ubedljivo trijumfovala i pored dobre atmosfere i prepunih tribina na stadionu. Svoje prve nastupe u evropskim kupovima klub iz Temišvara je zabeležio sezone 1978/79. kada su u drugom kolu Kupa UEFA eliminisani od Honveda iz Budimpešte.

U periodu od 1973. do 1983. godine  za Politehniku je nastupao Dan Paltinišanu. Po mnogima najbolji odbrambeni igrač u istoriji kluba imao je nadimak ,,tata mare“ (tata veliki). Dan je bio strelac pobedonosnog gola u finalu nacionalnog Kupa 1980. godine u Bukureštu protiv favorizovane Steaue, u 96. minutu. Građani Temišvara su napravili svečani doček svojim ljubimcima nakon ovog istorijskog trijumfa, a Dan se našao na ramenima navijača. Svoju ulogu Temišvarskog heroja ovaj igrač potvrdio je odlučujućim golom protiv Seltika kojim je Politehnika eliminisala ovog škotskog velikana u prvom kolu Kupa pobednika kupova 1980. godine, na stadionu koji danas nosi njegovo ime. Dan Paltinišanu preminuo je u 44. godini života nakon teške bolesti.
 Za najuspešnijeg trenera u klubu smatra se Džeki Jonesku, koji je u više navrata sedeo na klupi Politehnike. Sezone 1980/81 i 1982/83. Politehnika je nastavila niz poraza u finalima nacionalnog Kupa započet 1974. godine.

Život u Rumuniji tokom 80-ih godina je bio izuzetno težak. Cilj predsednika Čaušeskua je bio vraćanje celokupnog spoljnog duga, nastalog ,,velikodušnošću“ zapadnih zemalja koje su Rumuniji davale nepovoljne kredite nakon što su rumunske vlasti javno osudile rusku invaziju na Čehoslovačku 1968. godine. Celukupna industrijska proizvodnja bila je predodređena za izvoz, čak i električna energija. A nakon što je visoki funkcioner tajne policije (čitaj Sekuritatea) prebegao u SAD 1978. godine, Rumunija je postepeno postala još zatvorenija zemlja, što je mnogo uticalo na ekonomiju.

Ovakva državna politika naravno da se odrazila i na fudbal i sport uopšte. Fudbaleri nisu smeli da napuštaju zemlju iako su svojim kvalitetom imali mesta u nekim velikim zapadnoevropskim klubovima. Prilikom gostovanja reprezenzacije Rumunije i klubova u inostranstvu, redovno su ih u stopu pratile tajne službe. Prebeg je smatran za veleizdaju, čije su posledice u domovini najviše trpeli članovi njihovih porodica. Igrači su obično do 25-e godine igrali bez ikakvog ugovora, da bi kasnije za potpis višegodišnjeg ugovora dobijali: nameštaj, automobil Dačia ili veoma skromna novčana primanja u visini prosečne republičke plate. Mnogi igrači su bili i zaposleni. Fudbaler Politehnike Miroslav Guikiku je radio kao profesor fizičke kulture. Najbolji igrači u državi, voljom vlasti, morali su igrati u Steaui koja je nastupuma u evropskim takmičinjima trebala dokazati prosperitet Rumunije.

Prvi spontani pokušaj protesta protiv ovakve Čaušeskuove vladavine desio se na utakmici kvalifikacija za Svetsko prvenstvo 1990. godine odigrane novembra meseca 1989. između Rumunije i Danske. Međutim operativci tajne policije ubačeni među navijače na punom stadionu u Bukureštu brzo su ugušili ovaj protest. Zbog blizine granice, Temišvar je imao mogućnost prijema televizijskog i radio signala iz Jugoslavije, samim tim stanovnici Temišvara su bili više obavešteni u odnosu na ostatak države. Mesec dana nakon fudbalske utakmice kvalifikacija, pokrenuti su protesti u Temišvaru koji su se vrlo brzo proširili na ostatak zemlje. Vlast bračnog para Čaušesku se završila smrtnom presudom na Božićnom suđenju u Trgovištu.

Nakon revolucije, usledile su velike promene, Rumunija je postala otvorena zemlja. Mnogi fudbaleri su iskoristili priliku da ostvare transfer u klubove iz zapadne Evrope. A Politehnika je ušla u nesrećniji period u svojoj istoriji. Prve polovine 90-ih godina ljubičasti su po 4. put poraženi u finalu nacionalnog Kupa. Došlo je vreme surove tranzicije. I sam Univerzitet Politehnika u Temišvaru je prestao da ima interes za fudbalski klub, održavanje kluba je bilo skupo i postepeno su ih i napustili. Sezone 1996/97. Politehnika je ispala iz Prve lige. Nakon turbulentnih sezona i velikih problema oko finansiranja, klub iz Temišvara je 2000. godine privatizovan. Novi vlasnik je postao italijan Klaudio Zombran. U narednih nekoliko godina u Politehniku nije uložen obećani novac, a tim je dalje tonuo sve više. Nakod ispadanja u 3. Ligu italijan se sukobio sa navijačima, čelnicima grada i novinarima.
Zbog gubitka podrške celog grada ovaj kontraverzni biznismen je odlučio da klub preseli u glavni grad Bukurešt i pored činjenice da je znao za veliki rivalitet navijača iz Temišvara prema klubovima iz glavnog grada Bukurešta (Steaua i Dinamo). Nakon ovakvog poteza uprava kluba je uspela da napravi manevar i da se prvo izdvoji od vlasnika kluba, a zatim da se ujedini sa novim prvoligašem, fudbalskim klubom AEK iz Bukurešta i uz punu podršku gradskih vlasti i navijača nastavi svoje postojanje u Temišvaru. Klub je promenio ime u Politehnika AEK.

 Novoformirani klub je uzeo klubske boje matičnog kluba, za čiji opstanak u Prvoj ligi su fudbaleri uspeli da se izbore. U klub je došlo dosta novih sponzora kao i kvalitetnih igrača. Prelaskom AEK-a u Temišvar počeo je i Sudski spor između Politehnike AEK i kluba Klaudija Zombrana koji se takmičio u 4. Ligi. Italijan tvrdi da klub iz Temišvara nema pravo na ime i klupske boje. Svoje tvrdnje potvrdio je i sportski sud u Lozani, marta 2007. koji je presudio u korist Italijana. Shodno tome Politehnika AEK je ubrzo promenila ime u Politehnika Štiinta 1921, ali sud je opet utvrdio da se novo ime može mešati sa klubom Klaudija Zombrana. Usledili su žestoki protesti navijača, a u jednom momentu je bilo 100.000 ljudi na protestima u Temišvaru. Grad se ponovo ujedinio, kao u periodu revolucije 1989. godine.

Pošto se klub iz Temišvara plasirao u kup UEFA sezone 2007/08, imali su rok do 30.6.2008. da promene ime, što je i učinjeno. U kupu UEFA klub je nastupao pod imenom Temišvar, a već u prvom kolu su eliminisani od beogradskog Partizana. Naredne sezone, Temišvar je zauzeo drugo mesto u šampionatu uz najveću prosečnu posetu na stadionima u Prvoj ligi. Dugo su u Temišvaru čekali i na zapaženiji uspeh u evrokupovima, koji je usledio sezone 2009/10. U drugom kolu kvalifikacija za ligu šampiona eliminisali su, na veliko iznenađenje, ukrajinski Šahtjor. U plej ofu su poraženi od nemačkog Štutgarta, ali su se direktno plasirali u grupnu fazu UEFA Evropa lige gde su zauzeli poslednje mesto u svojoj grupi.

Godine 2010. Ustavni sud je odbacio zahtev Zombrana i Temišvaru je vraćeno pravo na ime, grb, klupske boje i istorija kluba. A protiv italijana Zambana se i dalje vodi krivični postupak zbog malverzacija u fudbalu.

Nažalost to nije bio i kraj problemima. Sezonu 2010/11. Politehnika je završila na drugom mestu u šampionatu, uz sesti poraz u finalu Kupa, ali je izbačena u drugu ligu nakon što fudbalski savez Rumunije nije izdao potrebnu licencu za učestvovanje u Prvoj ligi zbog sve većih finansijskih poteškoća. Već sledeće sezone ovaj tim je osvojio prvo mesto u Drugoj ligi. Ali klub je napustio i glavni finansijer, Marian Lanc. Politehnika opet nije dobila potrebnu licencu za učestvovanje u prvenstvu septembra 2012. a nedugo zatim i dozvolu za rad. Nakon ovih događanja klub je rasformisan.

Iz ovih događaja vidimo da pojedini biznismeni i političari neće nikada shvatiti šta klub znači za navijače. Navijač Politehnike možda nije uvek bio na stadionu da pomogne svom klubu, ali je negde sigurno željno iščekivao da sazna kako je igrao njegov tim. Neko se u slučaju Politehnike poigrao sa sudbinama navijača koji su živeli za svoj klub i koji su ponekad kući dolazili razbijenih glava braneći boje svog kluba. Malo su se poigrali sa imenom, grbom i klubskim bojama kao da je to nešto što se menja svaki dan. Pogazili su i po legendama kluba koji su decenijama stvarali istoriju fudbala u Temišvaru. Neko je ipak za taj klub živeo i željno iščekivao taj vikend kada će bar tih 90 minuta prestati da razmišlja o teškom životu na ovim prostorima, a oni su učinili da tog kluba u jednom momentu više nema.
Na temeljima starog ugašenog kluba nastala su dva: ACS Politehnika i SS Politehnika. ACS Politehnika je zvanični pravni naslednik ugašenog kluba 2012. godine. Ovaj klub je nastao preseljenjem fudbalskog kluba ACS Rekaša u Temišvar,  uz podršku gradskih vlasti, a svoje utakmice kao domaćin nastavili su da igraju na stadionu Dan Pantilišanu. Navijači ugašenog kluba nisu prihvatili ovaj novoformirani klub. Njima je već svega bilo dosta. Oni su odbili trule kompromise sa političarima i osnovali su svoj klub pod nazivom SS Politehnika koji će krenuti na svoj put pošteno i od nule pod ponovnim okrivljem Univerziteta Politehnika.

SS Politehnika je krenula svoj put od najnižeg ranga takmičenja. Igrači i navijači ovog kluba su putovali po raznim selima i gradovima. Gostovali na raznoraznim stadionima i lošim terenima. U sezoni 2015/16. tim se plasirao u treću ligu čime je postao profesionalan klub. Posle teške borbe SS Poli je uspela da osvoji prvo mesto u svojoj grupi treće lige i time izbori promociju u drugu ligu, gde su u prvoj sezoni zauzeli 15. Mesto.

Sa druge strane ASC Politehnika je u sezoni 2015/16. u poslenjem kolu imala priliku da izbori opstanak u prvoj ligi. Na stadionu Dan Pantilišanu se okupilo jedva 500 navijača na najvažnijoj utakmici u sezoni što dokazuje nezainteresovanost publike za ovaj klub.

Navijački pokret u Temišvaru datira od 1995. godine kada su se pojavile navijačke grupe urbana gerila i viola. Najveći rival Politehnike je fudbalski klub UTA iz Arada uz već pomenute timove iz glavnog grada Bukurešta.

Nažalost ekipa ACS Politehnike je opet opstala u prvoj ligi, pobedivši u baražu UTU Arad i time je izbegnut direktan duel ova dva temišvarska kluba u tekućoj sezoni 2017/18. druge lige. Ali zato treba očekivati žestoke duele SS Politehnike protiv UTE iz Arada u derbiju zapada, kao i protiv ponovno oformljenog fudbalskog kluba Ripensia iz Temišvara.

SS Politehnika svoje utakmice kao domaćin igra na stadionu Štiinca koji se nalazi u sudentskom kompleksu Univerziteta Politehnika. Ovaj stadion je bio dom rasformisane Politehnike do 1964. godine kada je izgrađen stadion Dan Pantilišanu (ranije 1.Maj).

Situacija oko fudbalskog kluba Politehnika iz Temišvara je klasičan primer situacije u mnogim klubovima u gotovo svim bivšim komunističkim zemljama. Mešavina politike, sporta i vlasničkih odnosa sa tradicijom i navijačima. Nakon pada komunizma, države i državne firme su prestale da imaju interes za klubove koji su u njihovom vlasništvu, jer je njihovo funkcionisanje bilo teret po državni budžet. Klubovi su, na taj način, prestali da imaju svoj osnovni izvor finansiranja. Bili su prepušteni sami sebi. U takvoj situaciji mnogi su privatizovani na brzinu bez prethodno definisanog plana sumnjivih biznismena koji su ih kupili. Takav vid privatizacije je loš po klubove jer ti biznismeni nemaju preveliki interes za sam klub, za njihove  navijače i tradiciju, već za brzo ostvarivanje profita, pranje novca ili za dolazak u posed atraktivnog zemljišta koje je u vlasništvu klubova. Što se tiče rumunskih biznismena i milionera, za većinu njih se zna da su bili blisko povezani sa Sekuritateom.

Od 18 klubova koji su učestvovali u prvoj ligi sezone 1989/90. kada je svrgnut Čeušesku, danas na najvišem nivou igra samo jedan (Dinamo Bukurešt), 8 klubova igra nižerazredni rang takmičenja, 7 je ugašeno, Politehnika i Brašov su doživeli istu sudbinu, a Steauu je sudskim putem napustila vojska.

Nikola Radulović
translation/ prevod: Tea Besu

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